Hollis, Roger

(1902–1977)
   Hollis, who spent several years in China as a businessperson, joined the British security service (MI5) in 1938 as an expert on Soviet subversion. In 1945 he went to Canada, where he interviewed the first postwar defector, Igor Gouzenko, to develop counterintelligence leads. From 1956 to 1965, Hollis served as director general of MI5. But Hollis became the target of a mole hunt in the late 1960s, as more conservative officials in MI5 and MI6 sought to prove that he was a Soviet agent.
   There seems to be no evidence that Hollis was in fact a traitor. The mole hunt was Kim Philby’s last gift to his Soviet masters: by making it appear that the KGB had access to agents at the highest level of the British government, Philby created a climate of distrust within the London establishment that lasted for more than a decade after his defection.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

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